Fall Head Over Heels In Love With

The  Yorkshire Terrier Breed

Learn about the Yorkshire Terrier Breed from the perspective of a Veteran Yorkie owner and breeder. All the things you need to know.

Introduction

It’s no surprise that Yorkshire Terriers, affectionately known as Yorkies, are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). When you bring a Yorkie into your life you will get a lot of dog in a tiny package. Like all terriers, Yorkshire Terriers are brave, determined, smart and energetic, but a Yorkie also travels well, is suitable for apartment life, and is the definition of the term ‘lap dog’. Yorkies truly crave attention from us humans and not only will a Yorkie be your friend for life, they will be the life of every party you take them to! Whether they are strutting around the show ring or being toted around town in your purse, a Yorkie is always the center of attention and that’s just the way they like it!

XO, Susan

yorkie at dog show

YORKSHIRE TERRIER BREED STANDARD

General Appearance
That of a long-haired toy terrier whose blue and tan coat is parted on the face and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail and hangs evenly and quite straight down each side of body. The body is neat, compact and well proportioned. The dog’s high head carriage and confident manner should give the appearance of vigor and self-importance.

Head
Small and rather flat on top, the skull not too prominent or round, the muzzle not too long, with the bite neither undershot nor overshot and teeth sound. Either scissors bite or level bite is acceptable. The nose is black. Eyes are medium in size and not too prominent; dark in color and sparkling with a sharp, intelligent expression. Eye rims are dark. Ears are small, V-shaped, carried erect and set not too far apart.

Body
Well proportioned and very compact. The back is rather short, the back line level, with height at shoulder the same as at the rump.

Legs and Feet
Forelegs should be straight, elbows neither in nor out. Hind legs straight when viewed from behind, but stifles are moderately bent when viewed from the sides. Feet are round with black toenails. Dewclaws, if any, are generally removed from the hind legs. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed.

Tail
Docked to a medium length and carried slightly higher than the level of the back.

Coat
Quality, texture and quantity of coat are of prime importance. Hair is glossy, fine and silky in texture. Coat on the body is moderately long and perfectly straight (not wavy). It may be trimmed to floor length to give ease of movement and a neater appearance, if desired. The fall on the head is long, tied with one bow in center of head or parted in the middle and tied with two bows. Hair on muzzle is very long. Hair should be trimmed short on tips of ears and may be trimmed on feet to give them a neat appearance.

Colors
Puppies are born black and tan and are normally darker in body color, showing an intermingling of black hair in the tan until they are matured. Color of hair on body and richness of tan on head and legs are of prime importance in adult dogs, to which the following color requirements apply: Blue: Is a dark steel-blue, not a silver-blue and not mingled with fawn, bronzy or black hairs. Tan: All tan hair is darker at the roots than in the middle, shading to still lighter tan at the tips. There should be no sooty or black hair intermingled with any of the tan.

Color on Body
The blue extends over the body from back of neck to root of tail. Hair on tail is a darker blue, especially at end of tail.

Headfall
A rich golden tan, deeper in color at sides of head, at ear roots and on the muzzle, with ears a deep rich tan. Tan color should not extend down on back of neck.

Chest and Legs
A bright, rich tan, not extending above the elbow on the forelegs nor above the stifle on the hind legs.

Weight
Must not exceed seven pounds.

Disqualifications
Any solid color or combination of colors other than blue and tan as described above. Any white markings other than a small white spot on the forechest that does not exceed 1 inch at its longest dimension. From www.akc.org

3 day old Yorkie puppy breed standard colors 3 day old Yorkie puppy with correct breed standard colors 

An Important Message About Teacup Yorkies

By: Gale Thompson of The  Yorkshire Terrier Club of America

If you are interested in purchasing a tiny Yorkie, sometimes called a Teacup,
Micro Mini, Teeny, or any other name that means “extra small”, there are
several things you should consider. The YTCA’s Code of Ethics precludes
the use of the words “teacup”, “tiny specialists”, doll faced, or similar
terminology by its members, and for good reason.

All breeders may occasionally have an unusually small Yorkie (hopefully
healthy), though no responsible breeder breeds for this trait. Many breeders
prefer a general weight range of 4-7 pounds believing that size retains
desired Toy qualities while maintaining optimum health. The Yorkie Standard
states weight “must not exceed seven pounds” and as a prospective pet
owner you should realize that even at 7 pounds, the Yorkie is still a small
dog. (Females weighing less than 5 pounds are considered by most
breeders to be unsuitable for breeding.)

Special circumstances often come with extra tiny dogs. They are extremely
susceptible to both hereditary and non-hereditary health problems, including
birth defects that may go undetected for a long time. Other common
problems may include, but are not limited to, diarrhea, vomiting, along with
extra and expensive tests prior to routine teeth cleanings and surgeries.
Small ones are more likely to have poor reactions to anesthesia and die from
it. Tiny dogs are more easily injured by falls, being stepped on and being
attacked by other dogs. These health problems nearly always result in
large veterinary bills.

Please take this into consideration and make purchasing a healthy pet your
top priority, not size. The “novelty” is certainly not worth the pain, heartbreak,
or extra expense. Remember, all Yorkies are comparatively small. The most
important thing is finding a healthy puppy that will grow into a healthy adult,
especially since you are looking at an 11 to 15 year commitment with your Yorkie.

 

Parti-Color Yorkshire Terriers

From the Yorkshire Terrier Club of America website

Do not be fooled into buying one of these dogs.
Now that Designer Dogs are the rage, the “new” Parti-Color Yorkie is certain
to draw attention. While we have had problems in the past with “rare gold”
Yorkshire Terriers being advertised, the parti-color is a new one! While some
breeds have an occasional mismark and some breeds do have a gene for a
white dog, we do not. Had there been a problem with white markings, piebald
dogs, or white dogs, it would have been addressed in our Standard. Due to
unscrupulous breeders advertising parti-colored Yorkshire Terriers at premium
prices, our members voted unanimously at our annual meeting to add a
disqualification for these and other off colored dogs.

The Yorkshire Terrier is a tan dog with a blue saddle. The “rare gold” Yorkie is
actually a dog that appears as such due to an improper saddle pattern. Show
breeders have seen this and commonly call it running gold. When the dog is
cut down, you can see that the blue saddle does not come down far enough.
The Yorkshire Terrier blue saddle extends lower than some of the other black
and tan terriers extending to the elbow and also to the hock on the rear leg.
Gold hairs can occur in the blue and black or blue hairs can appear in the
gold. These faults are addressed in the Yorkshire Terrier Standard. These
dogs have serious faults and they too should not be sold as “rare” but placed
in loving homes as they are very incorrect. Yorkies do not have white
markings…never have. A small white strip is sometimes seen on the chest of
newborns but this always turns to tan within a few weeks. The AKC
registration form for Yorkshire Terriers allows for four choices: blue and tan,
blue and gold, black and tan, black and gold. There is no provision for
markings.

A brief history of the development of the Yorkshire Terrier will show that the
dog was developed in the 1800’s. In England, the Waterside Terrier was often
crossed with the old English terrier, a silky coated black and tan or blue and
tan terrier weighing around five pounds. When crafters from Scotland came
into England, they brought several “Scotch“ terriers, among them the Paisley
and the Clydesdale. The Paisley was a small silky coated dog in various
shades of blue. The Clydesdale was a blue and tan dog with the exact color
pattern as the Yorkie of today. All of these original breeds were grizzle, tan,
blue, blue and tan, or black and tan. No white dog or dogs with white markings
were involved in the process of developing the breed. The first Yorkshire
Terriers were entered at shows as Broken Haired Scotch and Yorkshire
Terriers. In the early days, dog classes were often divided by size, under five
pounds and over five pounds; however, there was never a class for colors
other than the blue and tan we see today. The color pattern and coat texture
has bred true and has been dominate enough that the Silky Terrier evolved by
crossing the Yorkshire Terrier and the Australian Terrier with basically the
same coat of the of the Yorkie.